Among the causes for periodontal (gum) disease are genetic susceptibility, smoking, and other illnesses like diabetes. Periodontal maintenance involves removing plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. Most gum diseases are preventable with proper oral hygiene. However, what can start out as gingivitis (inflamed or bleeding gums) can quickly turn into periodontitis. In such cases, gums pull away from the tooth to create “pockets,” thereby exposing a dental root to infection. It can also lead to prolonged bad breath, loose teeth, painful chewing and other complications.
Diagnosing Gum Disease
Our dentist and hygienist work together to assess your gum health. If you haven't had a cleaning for over 6 months, if you are a smoker, or if you suffer from certain illnesses, you may have a higher risk for gum disease. If your disease has progressed to the point where a deeper cleaning is required, our hygienist will walk you through the steps for treatment as well as post-treatment care.
In order to successfully treat periodontal disease, you will likely be recommended to come in at 3 or 4 month intervals until your gums and bone health have stabilized. Our hygienist may recommend certain home care techniques as well.